In 2015, the Member states of the United Nations agreed upon and adopted a set of goals to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure prosperity for all as part of a new sustainable development agenda. Each goal has specific targets to be achieved over the next 15 years. The goals are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity.
Research and innovation are, today, seen as the keys to unlocking and encouraging sustainable economic growth and further development. The view is shared by the vast majority of countries worldwide, whatever their income level or status. This was one of the key conclusions reached by UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030.